Burn Off Oven Process
How Do Burn Off Ovens Work?
The primary functional components of a burn-off oven are:
- The primary cleaning chamber
- Primary heat input burner, housed in the combustion chamber
- Afterburner, housed in the combustion chamber
- Water cooling system, located in the primary cleaning chamber
- Control panel housing thermal diagnostic and control instrumentation
No flame actually contacts the part
On our furnaces, the primary heat input burner fires into a combustion chamber, which contains the flame, so that only heat is discharged into the work area containing the parts. No flame actually contacts the parts. Other than the air required for combustion of the input burner fuel, no additional air is added to the furnace. Therefore, the oxygen content within the furnace is reduced to a level that prevents the material from catching on fire. The heat causes the organic material to decompose into vapors and pyrolysis gases which are then processed in a secondary direct-flame afterburner.
Setting Heating Chamber and Afterburner Temperature
At installation, with the furnace empty, the afterburner temperature is set to idle at approximately 1400ºF (760ºC) with the main heating chamber set at 800-900ºF (426-482ºC). The temperature is maintained by adjusting the air and gas flow rates to the afterburner during an “empty test run” when the furnace is first installed. Once adjusted, the afterburner will then operate at about the same temperature each time the furnace is started.
Pyrolysis vapors and pollutants are consumed
Since the materials processed in the furnace are cured, they do not give off any flammable vapors at room temperature, and most will not begin to breakdown to any significant extent until they are heated to temperatures above about 600ºF. When the furnace is loaded the material begins to decompose once the furnace reaches a temperature of 600-700ºF (315?371ºC). As the material starts to decompose into vapors, these vapors exit through the afterburner chamber where they burn raising the temperature of the afterburner exhaust gases.
The Water Cooling System and Afterburner control rate of processing
When the volume of vapors entering the afterburner chamber drive the exhaust gas temperature up to its set point of 1600ºF (871ºC), the furnace water sprays are activated to cool the furnace and the parts, slowing the evolution of vapors to the afterburner. This cooling process prevents overwhelming the afterburner with large amounts of vapors and pyrolysis gases.
When all of the organic material has been removed from the parts, the afterburner temperature will drop back down to its idle point. Thus, the processing rate of the organic material is strictly limited by the size of the afterburner. During processing, only small amounts of water vapor and carbon dioxide exhaust into the atmosphere leaving only a light coating of ash on the cleaned parts.
PCPC Burn Off Oven Diagram
Burn-Off Ovens are a specialized type of process equipment specifically designed to remove organic material from metal parts.